Language planning (also known as language engineering) is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure or acquisition of languages or language varieties within a speech community. The policy also claims to modernize the state. Based on an in-depth sociolinguistic case study of language planning in Pakistan, this book examines the extent of the linguistic support in Urdu, English or the mother tongue available to students to cope with their courses in higher education. Pakistan decided to set up a Planning Board on 18th July, 1953, with Mr. Zahid Hussain, ex-Governor of State Bank of Pakistan as its first Chairman and two other members. Language policy has always been an important part of all the educational policies of Pakistan. (2) Subject to clause (1) the English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements are made for its replacement by … Language planning in higher education: A case study of Pakistan. *1 J�� "6DTpDQ��2(���C��"��Q��D�qp�Id�߼y�͛��~k����g�}ֺ ����LX ��X��ň��g`� l �p��B�F�|،l���� ��*�?�� ����Y"1 P������\�8=W�%�Oɘ�4M�0J�"Y�2V�s�,[|��e9�2��s��e���'�9���`���2�&c�tI�@�o�|N6 (��.�sSdl-c�(2�-�y �H�_��/X������Z.$��&\S�������M���07�#�1ؙY�r f��Yym�";�8980m-m�(�]����v�^��D���W~� ��e����mi ]�P����`/ ���u}q�|^R��,g+���\K�k)/����C_|�R����ax�8�t1C^7nfz�D����p�柇��u�$��/�ED˦L L��[���B�@�������ٹ����ЖX�! Examples and Observations "Language planning and policy arise out of sociopolitical situations where, for example, speakers of various languages compete for resources or where a particular linguistic minority is denied access to basic rights. Many nations have faced similar challenges in history and successfully turned them into opportunities through sound economic planning, good governance and consistency in policy implementation. Language policy in Pakistan is meant to strengthen the state by promoting Urdu as a national language. One example is the U.S. Court Interpreters Act of 1978, which provides an interpreter to any victim, witness, or a defendant whose native language … Hadeel Alkhateeb, Muntasir Al Hamad, Eiman Mustafawi, Revealing stakeholders’ perspectives on educational language policy in higher education through Q-methodology, Current Issues in Language Planning, 10.1080/14664208.2020.1741237, (1-19), (2020). doi: 10.1080/09500782.2015.1046882 . Decisions about language policies, requirements, and practices have important consequences in all social contexts. Fishman, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. There is an element of cultural imperialism about privileging Urdu i.e. 18 0 obj Some features of the site may not work correctly. It presents papers that deal with the widest range of cases, situations and regions. Language Policy is designed by the empowered group in a state to impose a particular language. <> (PDF) LANGUAGE PLANNING AND LANGUAGE POLICY DILEMMA IN PAKISTAN | Ahdi hassan - Academia.edu In this project, we have focused Langue planning and language policy (LPLP) generally, in particular, in Pakistani context and discussed the dilemma of language policy in Pakistan. %���� <> Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. %PDF-1.7 <> 23 0 obj [/ICCBased 19 0 R] 19 0 obj This language is Urdu. Acta linguistica asiatica, 5 (1), 111-123. Lok Sabha. endobj 58 0 obj At a governmental level, language planning takes the form of language policy . Planning can be defined as a practice aimed at preparing the education system to address the future and to achieve the medium and long-term goals set by policy-makers. It provides the following guidelines on language policy: 1. Language policy and medium of instruction issue in Pakistan. 59 0 obj Education Policy-Planning Process: An Applied Framework, English-Teaching Institutions in Pakistan, 2003).English teaching institutions in Pakistan, THE POSITION AND STATUS OF ENGLISH IN PAKISTAN, The Politics of Language Policy in Pakistan, The medium of instruction dilemma : Implications for language planning in education, India. ?���:��0�FB�x$ !���i@ڐ���H���[EE1PL���⢖�V�6��QP��>�U�(j @~ (* {d+��}�G�͋љ���ς�}W�L��$�cGD2�Q���Z4 E@�@����� �A(�q`1���D ������`'�u�4�6pt�c�48.��`�R0��)� <> <> Language and Education , 1–21. 2. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. 60 0 obj Thus, situating the current language policy and planning in Pakistan, the present study will aim at critiquing the language policy from the prism of linguistic and cultural diversity. Language planning is need of all countries especially countries having multilingual and multi-ethnic makeup, Pakistan is one of those countries which have not only multilingual composition but also a conflict on the basis of languages. Altogether there are 58 of these communities in Pakistan (Rahman, 2004: 1). Karachi: Oxford University Press. J.A. 2. The language policy also claims to modernize the state through English as official language. 20 0 obj Conclusion. Urdu was selected to fulfill this role at the time of the creation of Pakistan. As of this year, all four provinces have drafted Costed Implementation Plans for family planning and developed family planning task forces comprised of public and private sector stakeholders. endobj Pakistan today faces formidable social, economic, security and governance challenges. {{{;�}�#�tp�8_\. Language policy has always been an important part of all the educational policies of Pakistan. Language policy in Pakistan is meant to strengthen the state. 74 0 obj endobj The problems are as well discussed which were caused by language Each of these communities challenged (and since have challenged) the official language planning policy since Pakstan’s conception resulting in so-called “language riots” in January 1971 and … We believe that, once effectively addressed, our challenges The national language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within fifteen years from the commencing day. <> the dominant language and aspects of its culture are passed on to people of other languages. <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 10/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 515.9400025 728.5800171]/Type/Page>> Language planning and policy (LPP) research falls into the field of sociolinguistics which is a branch of applied linguistics. This is taken to mean that there should be a national language which should symbolize the nation-state. Since first making a commitment to FP2020 in 2012, Pakistan has demonstrated ongoing efforts toward the promotion of family planning. Parliament. The Constitution (1973) lays out the following national language policy (Rasool and Mansoor, 2007, p. 222): Article 251 1. The purpose and terms of reference of the Board were set forth as below:- (a) Purpose: The economic and social objectives of Government's Policy are to develop the resource Pakistan follows the 1973 constitution at present. endobj Language policy and planning decisions have a major impact on language vitality and, ultimately, on the rights of the individual. endobj Sociolinguistics is the basic grounding needed for scholars to engage in LPP studies. endobj This paper summarizes and presents the articles derived from 2005-2018 dealing with language policy and planning in India, Pakistan… Secretariat, Language policy , planning and practice : A South Asian perspective, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. <> Ayres, A. endobj Furthermore, this paper tries to look at how these countries arrange the ideas and implementation among their national, English and local languages in their countries. 22 0 obj educational planning is about and (ii) to provide insight into the major challenges that educational planners face, particularly those in developing countries. Disjunction between language policy and children’s sociocultural ecology – An analysis of English-medium education policy in Pakistan. The foreign policy makers have to pay a special attention in this realm as well. The National language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within 15 years from commencing day. Each of these communities challenged (and since have challenged) the official language planning policy since Pakstan’s conception resulting in so-called “language riots” in January 1971 and July 1972 (Ahmed, 1992; as cited by Rahman, 2004: 4). (1) The National language of Pakistan is Urdu and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within fifteen years from the commencing day. This report gives an analysis of the language policies given by different governments since the inception of Pakistan in1947, particularly language policy presented in the National Education Policy 2009, and to review these in terms of their effects on the socio-economic and educational life and aspirations of the people of the country. <> endobj 2 0 obj endobj Many nations have language regulatory bodies which are specifically charged with formulating and implementing language planning policies. endobj �@���R�t C���X��CP�%CBH@�R����f�[�(t� C��Qh�z#0 ��Z�l�`O8�����28.����p|�O×�X List of issues Latest articles Partial Access; Volume 21 2020 Volume 20 2019 Volume 19 2018 Volume 18 2017 Volume 17 2016 Volume 16 2015 ... To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Language policy and planning can play an instrumental role in creating national unity and aiding national development. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. The terminology that is vital or the background knowledge that is required for LPP studies can only be derived from sociolinguistics. It includes selecting national language, official language and which language to be used in public domain, official domain and educational domain. �MFk����� t,:��.FW������8���c�1�L&���ӎ9�ƌa��X�:�� �r�bl1� Foreign policy of Pakistan remains hamstrung by host of issue; the formation and implementation of a robust policy and ensuring its effectiveness and minimizing its domestic and political implications on it being the most important. Speaking Like a State: Language and Nationalism in Pakistan. (2013). According to the article 251, states clearly that Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and the policy planners desire that it should play its role as the official language of Pakistan. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. Language Planning can be done on individual basis without the support of state and by the state. The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its implications for local languages. You are currently offline. Mansoor, S. (2005). x���wTS��Ͻ7�P����khRH �H�. It then relates to the formation and implementation of a (certain steps) sound language policy to root out the conflicts and ethnic clashes from time to time in the country… <>stream Language policy consists of the authoritative allocation of resources to language and pertains either to the status or the corpus of the language for which policy is designed. This journal covers both language policy and educational policy. It includes three main types of planning, status, corpus and acquisition planning. 21 0 obj Language Policy contributes to the growth of the field by publishing high-quality studies that help build a sound theoretical understanding of the subject area. Altogether there are 58 of these communities in Pakistan (Rahman, 2004: 1). Browse the list of issues and latest articles from Current Issues in Language Planning. The scope of this study is that the researcher giving some new plans and suggestions to amend policies. Urdu was selected to fulfill this role at the time of the social & Behavioral,. Has demonstrated ongoing efforts toward the promotion of family planning suggestions to amend policies bodies which are charged! This role at the time of the creation of Pakistan policy of Pakistan state: language and which to! Corpus and acquisition planning suggestions to amend policies 58 of these communities in Pakistan is meant to the. 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